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The heel is the part of the sole that raises the rear of the shoe in relation to the front. The heal seat is the top of the heal that touches the upper, this is typically shaped to match the form of the upper. The part of the the heel that comes in contact with the ground is known as the the top piece.
The section of upper that covers the front of the foot as far as the back as the join ot the quarter
A layer of material that sits inside the shoe that creates a layer between the sole and the wearer’s foot. A la The insole adds comfort for the wearer, while hiding the join between the upper.
The front of the vamp next to the toe cap. For shoes were the vamp and quarter panels are one piece the throat is at the eye-stay.
Shoes may have a toe cap in the front upper of the shoe. Toe caps can take various forms, but the distinct types are: complete replacements for the front upper of the shoe; stitched over toecaps that add an extra layer to the upper; solid toe caps for protection, such as steel toe caps. Stitch over toe caps may be decorative in nature. Toe caps help add stength to the upper front of the shoe, an area that receives a lot of stress and wear from use.
A strip of material that joins the upper to the sole.